Porcelain of the first years of the Soviet power used to be called «revolutionary porcelain». Early Soviet porcelain is one of the most notable phenomena in the Russian art of the twentieth century.
In our bureau there are pieces of art showing the main directions in the work of the State Porcelain Factory (the former Imperial). The diversity of the collection makes it possible to show this phenomenon, called agitation porcelain, in its entirety.
There are several trends and styles of the 1920s and early 1930s:
1. Work with slogans, emblems and portraits of political figures that were created in the first years after the revolution by S. Chekhonin and his students: M. Adamovich, R. Wilde, Z. Kobyletskaya, and others.
2. Works by the Suprematists K. Malevich, N. Suetin, I. Chashnik, as well as other artists of the "left" trends.
S. Chekhonin and his authority attracted various artists of the country to the porcelain. The sketches were created by such well-known and already established artists as N. Altman, I. Alekseev, V. Belkin, V. Kandinsky, N. Lapshin, V. Lebedev, K. Petrov-Vodkin, K. Malevich, N. Suetin, I. Chashnik, A. Samohvalov and others.
3. Works of small plastic, representing the new characters of Petrograd ("Old Woman", "Partisan in the campaign", "Milicia", "Fortune-teller", "Shpana", "Pioneer with a drum", etc.).
4. The picture of porcelain of this time would be incomplete without the works of A. Schekotikhina-Pototskaya, V. Shcherbakov, M. Ivashentseva, E. Rozendorf and some other authors who did not applied to agitation. The main themes of their works were scenes of folk life, theater, characters of fairy tales, Russian architectural landscapes, etc.
Works of small plastics in this complex could be represented by the works of such great masters as B. Kustodiev, A. Matveev, V. Kuznetsov, N. Dan'ko, D. Ivanov, J. Troupiansky, A. Brusketty-Mitrokhina, O. Glebova-Sudeikina.
5. Works of the early 1930s, reflecting the construction of a new life and its stages: industrialization, collectivization, development of the north, construction of the metro, sports, pioneer organization, etc. These topics are of increasing interest.
The most valuable and unique pieces of Soviet porcelain of our bureau’s collection are not presented on the site.
Saucer with Suprematist Composition by N. Suetin
State Porcelain Factory
The composition by N. Suetin, 1923-1924.
The inscription is black: Suprematism / Fig. by Suetin
Label: black square in the frame
Porcelain; overglaze polychrome painting
D = 14.8 cm
On the basis of the analysis of the list and inscriptions, stamps and other signs on the back, it can be asserted as a genuine work done at the State Porcelain Factory with the drawing of N. Suetin in 1923-1924. The painting is executed by an unknown factory painter. There is an inscription of the artist with the indication of the author of the composition on the back, a black square in the frame is a UNOVIS sign and a sign 474/82, according to which the item was on the payroll. These main signs make it possible to date the subject.
The center of suprematist constructions of N. Suetin is most often large: a circle, a square and a cross. In this case, the central element is a circle that attracts and gathers small figures around itself.
The color scheme of the composition is strict and well thought out. The author applies one main color - red-orange, saturating the image with its shades. Such color solution is typical for early period of Suetin's works in porcelain. Number of them are presented in the collection of the museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory in Saint Petersburg.
The saucer with red-orange Suprematist composition considered as the early period of N. Suetin work in porcelain and could be interesting for specialists and collectors.
Specialist in porcelain: Т. Kumzerova
Dish with the image of imperial fritillary Z. V. Kobyletskaya
The State Porcelain Factory
Composition and painting by Z. Kobyletskaya
1) green overglaze on the stencil: A III 89 under the crown
2) blue overglaze: sickle, hammer, part of gear and date: 1919
Signature of the author at the bottom of the composition is black: Z. Kobyletskaya
Blue author’s label: cross in a circle
Porcelain, overglaze polychrome painting
D = 37.8 cm
The dish with a red-orange flower presented for expertise was performed at the State Porcelain Factory in 1919 by Z. Kobyletskaya. The painting is executed on the blank of the Imperial Porcelain Factory. The technological features of the dish and the green overglaze brand «A III 89 under the crown» testify to this. Next to the stamp of the imperial period, hand-stamped Soviet-era stamp: a sickle, a hammer, a piece of gear and a date 1919. Here is a sign in the form of a cross in a circle - a personal mark of Z. Kobyletskaya. Z. Kobyletskaya put her signature on a significant part of her work, in addition to her personal label. The signature was placed by the author on the front side of the composition.
Z. Kobyletskaya (1880-1957) was a master of painting on porcelain, the best performer of Chekhonin sketches and a copyist of his works. During the years of his work at the factory (1912-1914, 1918-1923, 1926-1932) she performed about 1500 compositions. The main theme of the first two post-revolutionary years was floral compositions.
There is a bell-shaped, red-orange flower, the imperial fritillary on the dish. The painting executed with refined smear, bright paint.
The dish with the bell-shaped red-orange flower is the work of the great porcelain master Z. Kobyletskaya in the initial period of work at the State Porcelain Factory and presents historical and artistic interest for researchers and collectors.
Specialist: T. Kumzerova
Dish «India» by V. Timorev
The State Porcelain Factory
The author of the composition and the painter V. Timorev
1) green underglaze on the stencil «A III 93 under the crown»
2) blue overglaze: sickle, hammer, gear part
The author's signature on the front side is black: V. Timorev, 21.
Author's blue mark in the form of a suit of clubs
Porcelain, painting overglaze polychrome, gilding
Based on the stylistic analysis of the painting, stamps, labels and author's signatures, it can be asserted that the dish "India" was executed at the State Porcelain Factory in 1921 by V. Timoriev. The painting is executed on the blank of the Imperial Porcelain Factory. Under the brand of the imperial period («A III 93 under the crown»), there is a hand stamp of the Soviet period: sickle, hammer, piece of gear. A sign in the form of a suit of clubs is a personal mark of V. Timorev.
On the front side, along the edge of the gauze there is also the author's signature indicating the date of the creating of the composition.
In the foreground on the bank of the river are depicted male figures whose heads are turned towards the man hovering above the temple or palace in military uniform. There is a burning torch in his right hand, in the left - flag with the inscription "RSFSR". The techniques of painting are very typical for Timorev’s work of the early twenties. The use of ornamental board is also found in other well-known works by Timorev.
The dish "India" is dated from May 1921; similar dish from the collection of the museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory of the State Hermitage Museum was completed in April. The works are very close to each other. Timorev’s dish in its adjoins a group of works dedicated to the Congress of the Peoples of the East, which were produced at the State Porcelain Factory after the congress in 1921. V. Timorev also painted the dish "Oriental" (February 1921) and the dish "Congress of the Peoples of the East" (June 1921).
The "India" dish was exhibited in 1923 at the Exhibition of the Art Industry for the V anniversary of the Red Army in Moscow.
The product of V. Timorev is of undoubted interest to researchers and collectors.
Specialist: T. Kumzerova